06 December 2021, Monday

What is the scope of Orthopaedic Oncology?


Orthopaedic Oncology covers the following groups of tumors:

  • Primary bone tumors : Benign and Malignant
  • Secondary bone tumors : Skeletal Metastases including those with pathological fractures and spinal metastases
  • Soft tissue tumors : Benign and Malignant
  • Skin tumors : Benign and Malignant

What are the regions of the body covered by this speciality?

Orthopaedic Oncology covers any tumor arising in the extremities, pelvis, abdominal wall, chest wall, back, spine and sacrum. Head and neck region tumors are not covered under this specialty and are best managed by head and neck cancer surgeons.

What is the treatment for bone or soft tissue tumors?

Before starting treatment, it is very important to establish the correct diagnosis and the stage of the disease. This is because the treatment protocol differs according to the type and stage of the disease. It could range from no treatment at all to very complex surgery and prolonged medical care. Hence the correct term used is ‘management’ of bone or soft tissue tumor.

This includes the following steps:

1. Detection

Locating the tumor – based on clinical and radiological information.

2. Correct diagnosis

Determine the exact type of the disease based on clinical information, radiological investigations, biopsy, blood investigations, etc.

3. Staging

To determine the extent of the disease in the patient and the risk associated with it – Staging is done when the disease is known/suspected to be malignant in nature.

4. Treatment

This may involve Surgery, Chemotherapy, Radiotherapy, Hormonal Therapy, etc. Treatment may involve the use of only one of the modalities mentioned above, or a combination of several modalities.

5. Follow-up

To keep a watch on the recovery and to detect any relapse of the disease.


    Dr. Chetan Anchan

    MS - Orthopaedics, Diploma in Orthopaedics,

    FCPS - Mid. & Gynae, MBBS

    About Author - Dr. Chetan Anchan is an expert and well known orthopaedic surgeon and oncologist from Mumbai. He has a vast experience in treating all types of Malignant and Benign, Bone and Soft Tissue Tumors, and Skeletal Metastases.

    To book an appointment, call: +91 – 93244 27302

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